||Altarpiece of San
with the significance of Renaissance and Baroque
sculpture, the painting in Cantabria was always in an
inferior position since it lacked its own pictoric
school. The main subjects were religious, since the works
were ordered by religious fraternities or churches.
During the Renaissance, the most important works came
from Flanders, such as the altarpiece
of San Bartolomé of the church of Santoña; or were
done by Castilian artists, such as the altarpiece of Santa Juliana in Santillana.
There is also a traditional type of medieval mural
painting located in the poorest parish churches, of which
some remain in Ledantes, Rasines, and Camargo. During the
Baroque period, painting came mainly from Madrid and
Seville. They are high quality paintings, whether copies
of masterpieces, such as the Martyrdom of San Bartolomé
de Ribera, in the parish church of Laredo,
or probably original paintings, such as the Christ by Zurbarán, in the parish
church of Castro Urdiales. From the 18th century, only
one pictoric set exists of Franciscan motifs, attributed
to the Asturian painter Francisco Martínez Bustamante,
which came from the convent of Soto in Iruz and is at
present in the Diocesan Museum in Santillana del Mar.