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The Marquises of Comillas
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The Sobrellano Architectural Ensemble.  
    Sobrellano Chapel-Pantheon   Later, the Ocejo family's architectural ensemble was completed with the building of Sobrellano palace and chapel-pantheon, which the Marquis adapted to his new social status. The ensemble was designed by Juan Martorell about 1878, constituting a clear example of the "picturesque" reaction to the classicism. To build a chapel-pantheon, the architect was inspired by the Perpendicular Gothic models in England and Central Europe, producing a miniature cathedral according to the deep religious spirit of the architect and Don Claudio López Bru, second Marquis of Comillas. Inside the chapel were built the pantheons of the first Marquis, his brother Claudio, and the second Marquis, the three of them being made by outstanding Modernist Catalonian sculptors such as José Llimona y Barbany and Agapito Vallmitjana. The presbytery of the chapel was magnificently decorated with the burnished bronze altar and table, the symbols of the Evangelists and Agnus Dei and the image of the Holy Spirit of Jesus. The religious furniture designed by the young Antonio Gaudí, was also added still in a Gothic style but foreshadowing Modernism.

Sobrellano chapel-pantheon was inaugurated in 1881 coinciding with the visit of Alfonso XII to Comillas. The stay of the Royal Family brought about the transformation of the town where many buildings were raised and an exotic and fantastic atmosphere created. The houses of Ocejo and Portilla were equipped as royal residences, being luxuriously ornamented and furnished with items designed in the workshops of Barcelona. Many kiosks were built (kiosk in Ocejo gardens, designed by the young Gaudí) together with ephemeral architectural works such as commemorative arches to welcome the royal party, characterised by the Oriental lines (neo-Arabic or neo-Mudejar), to produce an exotic atmosphere adequate for summer and pleasure.

The marvellous Sobrellano palace was inaugurated in 1888 and it involved many trends ranging from the British lay Gothic to the style of the Venetian palaces, as well as a treatment of the reliefs similar to Muslim loop-shaped ornaments. This palace is actually a place to be shown, a place loaded with objects and pieces reflecting the Marquises of Comillas's personality. The great hall was regarded as the symbolic centre of the palace, decorated with eight panels painted by Eduardo Llorens, which showed the contributions of the Marquis' family to recent Spanish history.

Pantheon of Don Claudio López y López and Doña Benita Díaz de Quijano
Sobrellano Palace
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